D1-Sociology


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Critical Thinking

DISUCSSION

Topic: Deviance

  • You are required to begin at least one (1) initial discussion of own thought and respond to the three (3) other discussions provided.
  • Discussions are to consider representations of deviance, whether an identity or a behaviour, portrayed within the media.
  • Sources of media can be news-based, non-fictional, or fictional in nature.
  • Each contribution (including initial discussion) should be approximately 300 words.
  • Thorough referencing in the Harvard style throughout
  • Minimum 8 references in total.

 

Further Instructions:

In identifying and discussing media representations of deviance, you should:

  • consider how the identity or behaviour is being portrayed;
  • suggest why that identity or behaviour is being portrayed as deviant; and,
  • suggest the wider societal effect of this portrayal.

When responding to posts you are required to provide critique and/or alternative views on the information provided, including debating the ‘deviance’ itself. 

 

Discussions to respond to:

  1. Create your own initial post and respond to the following 3 posts:

 

  1. Anorexia & Deviance:

Deviance is defined as being any behaviour that goes against the social norms. Deviance can be viewed as positive (over conformity) or negative (under conformity). It is also important to note that the context of the behaviour is very important when considering whether or not the act is actually deviant or not. There are many behaviours that are seen in mass media and just in everyday life that is deviant because they go against the social norm society has set in place.

A behaviour that could be classified as being deviant is anorexia. But is being anorexic always classified as deviant? Or in that fact is any behaviour really always going to be classified as deviant? It really does depend on varying factors. According to society it depends on the context of the behaviour, who the observer is and who the individual participating in the deviant behaviour is. Depending on the behaviour there could be more contributing factors.

This behaviour of being anorexic could be described as being deviant because there are very little people in society that are anorexic. There would be a few reasons as to why society classifies anorexia as being different. Firstly, anorexia is a behaviour that is described as a positive deviance as the behaviour is exaggerated to meet social expectations. This can be negative because it can force other people in society to conform to the behaviour. Especially when being so skinny is portrayed as being accepted in the somewhere like the modeling industry.

Individuals see models and people in magazines that are so skinny and they try to conform to this behaviour. Unfortunately, there are some that over conform and this is where the eating disorder anorexia comes into context. Therefore becoming deviant because the individual is going against what is a social norm.

I would love to hear your thoughts and to see if people think that anorexia is a deviant behaviour? Or if it would sometimes be classified as a deviant behaviour?

 

  1. Pornography & Deviance:

Is watching pornography deviant behaviour? Well, according to society it can depend on various factors, including context, who the observer consists of, how much porn you watch and even the category of porn you observe can be found additionally deviant compared to others.

Deviance is a relative term, it consists of any behaviour or actions which goes against social norms, this also includes rejecting morals that are shared by the community.

So, why does society classify porn as deviant? Majority of individuals get sexually aroused and have sex, its meant to be a ‘normal’ part of life. Well, I guess it can depend on a number of things, especially context, what your religious beliefs are, if you are watching porn in a public or private place, the category of porn and even your age.

The media often depicts porn as deviant behaviour in light of violence and the impact on young adolescents. One article even stated that some categories of porn portray women in a degrading, humiliating or demining manner, (Cliffsnotes.com, 2018). The media stresses and creates moral panic in relation to the negative effects of such categories of porn and it also forces a belief in society that porn will lead to bigger problems and crimes. Maybe that is why watching pornography is seen as deviant behaviour?

How many people do you know work in the porn industry? I don’t know any. It could be classed as deviant behaviour because it’s not a traditional job and there is often stigma attached to individuals who work in the sex industry. This is just another way to look at porn in light of deviance.

Porn can be classified as deviant in relation to the religion an individual believes in. For example, the Catholic church states the purpose of pornography is to create lust, it is wrong because lusting is equivalent to adultery and it graves injury to the dignity of participants, (Scborromeo.org, 2018).

I have explored how Pornography can be seen as deviant in different contexts and to different individuals, please let me know your thoughts and whether you think pornography is deviant behaviour.

 

References:

 

Cliffsnotes.com. (2018). Violence and Pornography in the Media. [online] Available at: https://www.cliffsnotes.com/study-guides/sociology/contemporary-mass-media/violence-and-pornography-in-the-media [Accessed 25 Sep. 2018]. <https://www.cliffsnotes.com/study-guides/sociology/contemporary-mass-media/violence-and-pornography-in-the-media>

 

Scborromeo.org. (2018). Saint Charles Borromeo Catholic Church of Picayune, MS. [online] Available at: http://www.scborromeo.org [Accessed 25 Sep. 2018].

 

 

  1. Deviance & Veganism:

Deviant behaviour can be defined as seeing an individual, or group of individuals acting in a way that is against social norms. I personally feel that the mention of ‘deviance’ has a negative stigma to it and therefore the behaviours that are associated with being deviant are primarily negative or dangerous. However, due to the increased popularity of social platforms; there have been behaviours that have been ‘normalised’ and seen as positive and have become more popular due to celebrities using their following platforms to promote certain behaviours.

An example of positive deviant behaviour in the media is veganism, and the popularity it has attracted due to the higher level of advertisement from celebrities through social media. Veganism was once seen as a stigmatised lifestyle with a lot of negative backlash, but has gained popularity through these platforms in recent times and is now seen by society as a normalised, healthy lifestyle.

Celebrities that have had a large impact on the rise in veganism include Beyoncé, Jay Z and Gwyneth Paltrow all promoting their healthy lifestyle change.

A study was conducted to determine whether social media had an influence on the rise of veganism within the population and it was founded that in magazines there was an increase in the number of veganism related ‘issues’ were published, with photos of celebrities that had adopted the lifestyle and shown it off over social media. This shows that when a celebrity expresses a new lifestyle change, that other forms of media will pick up on this and will advertise these changes.

This shows that celebrities are looked up to by society, and if they portray a certain behaviour that is promoted as being a healthy lifestyle change, ‘ordinary people’ are more inclined to accept these behaviours and remove the stigma that was once related to it.

 

References: 

Lundahl, O., 2018. Dynamics of positive deviance in destigmatisation: celebrities and the media in the rise of veganism. Consumption Markets & Culture.

 

To get your Assignment/Homework solutions;

Simply Click ORDER NOW and your paper details. Our support team will review the assignment(s) and assign the right expert whose specialization is same to yours to complete it within your deadline. Our Editor(s) will then review the completed paper (to ensure that it is answered accordingly) before we email you a complete paper 

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